The Palate is the roof of the mouth. It is divided into two parts: the front part has ridges and is hard (so it is called the Hard Palate). The back part is relatively smooth and soft (so it is called the Soft Palate). In children who are still growing, the Palate is actually divided into two halves which fuse together after puberty (usually by age 18 or 19).
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Hard Palate, Soft Palate, Roof of Mouth